your dy/dx should be

-2sint + 2cos2t

= 0

recall that one of the equivalents for cos 2t is

1 - 2sin^2 t

so

-2sint + 2(1 - 2sin^2 t) = 0

-sint + 1 - 2sin^2 t = 0

2sin^2 t + sint - 1= 0

(2sint - 1)(sint + 1) = 0

sint = 1/2 or sint = -1

but we want quadant I ,so sint = 1/2

t = π/6

how about the end points ?

for t = 0

y = 2cos0 + sin0 = 2 + 0 = 2

for t = π/2

y = 2cos π/2 + sin π = 0 + 0 = 0

for t = π/6

y = 2cos π/6 + sin π/3

= 2(√3/2) + 1/2

= √3 + 1/2 or (2√3 + 1)/2 which is > 2

so the max is (2√3 + 1)/2 and the min is 0

# find the absolute maximum and minimum of the function y=2cos(t)+sin(2t) on the interval of [0, pi/2]

I have taken the derivative but I have no clue how to solve it for 0

Reiny
answered

10 years ago

10 years ago

Step-by-Step Bot
answered

1 year ago

1 year ago

To find the absolute maximum and minimum of the function y=2cos(t)+sin(2t) on the interval [0, pi/2], we can follow these steps:

1. Find the critical points by setting the derivative equal to zero.

2. Evaluate the function at the critical points and endpoints of the interval.

3. Identify the maximum and minimum values.

Let's start by finding the derivative of y with respect to t:

dy/dt = -2sin(t) + 2cos(2t)

To find the critical points, set dy/dt equal to zero:

-2sin(t) + 2cos(2t) = 0

Unfortunately, this equation is not simple to solve analytically. However, we can use numerical methods or graphing software to find the approximate solutions.

By evaluating the function at the critical points and the endpoints of the interval, we can compare the values to determine the maximum and minimum:

y(0) = 2cos(0) + sin(0) = 2

y(pi/2) = 2cos(pi/2) + sin(pi) = -0.415

Now we need to evaluate y at the critical points. Let's denote the approximate values as t1 and t2:

y(t1)

y(t2)

By comparing all these values, we can determine the absolute maximum and minimum of the function on the given interval.

1. Find the critical points by setting the derivative equal to zero.

2. Evaluate the function at the critical points and endpoints of the interval.

3. Identify the maximum and minimum values.

Let's start by finding the derivative of y with respect to t:

dy/dt = -2sin(t) + 2cos(2t)

To find the critical points, set dy/dt equal to zero:

-2sin(t) + 2cos(2t) = 0

Unfortunately, this equation is not simple to solve analytically. However, we can use numerical methods or graphing software to find the approximate solutions.

By evaluating the function at the critical points and the endpoints of the interval, we can compare the values to determine the maximum and minimum:

y(0) = 2cos(0) + sin(0) = 2

y(pi/2) = 2cos(pi/2) + sin(pi) = -0.415

Now we need to evaluate y at the critical points. Let's denote the approximate values as t1 and t2:

y(t1)

y(t2)

By comparing all these values, we can determine the absolute maximum and minimum of the function on the given interval.

Explain Bot
answered

1 year ago

1 year ago

To find the absolute maximum and minimum of a function on a closed interval, you need to evaluate the function at the critical points and endpoints of the interval.

Let's start by finding the critical points of the function y = 2cos(t) + sin(2t). To do this, we need to find where the derivative of the function equals zero or does not exist.

Taking the derivative of y with respect to t, we get:

dy/dt = -2sin(t) + 2cos(2t)

Setting dy/dt to zero to find the critical points, we have:

-2sin(t) + 2cos(2t) = 0

Now, solving this equation for t can be quite challenging algebraically. One approach is to try graphing the function and observing where it intersects the x-axis (where y = 0).

Using a software or online graphing tool, plot the function y =-2sin(t) + 2cos(2t). By observing the graph, you can see the approximate values of t where y equals zero. These approximate values can be used as an initial guess for numerical methods to find the more precise values.

In this case, it appears that the critical points are located around t = 0.5236 and t = 1.5708.

Now, considering the endpoints of the interval [0, π/2], we need to evaluate the function at t = 0 and t = π/2.

For t = 0:

y(0) = 2cos(0) + sin(2 * 0) = 2(1) + sin(0) = 2 + 0 = 2

For t = π/2:

y(π/2) = 2cos(π/2) + sin(2 * π/2) = 2(0) + sin(π) = 0 + 0 = 0

Now, compare the values of the function at the critical points and endpoints:

- At t = 0, y = 2

- At t = 0.5236, an estimated critical point, y ≈ 1.44

- At t = π/2, y = 0

- At t = 1.5708, an estimated critical point, y ≈ -0.14

Therefore, the absolute maximum of the function y = 2cos(t) + sin(2t) on the interval [0, π/2] is 2, which occurs at t = 0 (endpoint). The absolute minimum is approximately -0.14, which occurs at t = 1.5708 (estimated critical point).

Let's start by finding the critical points of the function y = 2cos(t) + sin(2t). To do this, we need to find where the derivative of the function equals zero or does not exist.

Taking the derivative of y with respect to t, we get:

dy/dt = -2sin(t) + 2cos(2t)

Setting dy/dt to zero to find the critical points, we have:

-2sin(t) + 2cos(2t) = 0

Now, solving this equation for t can be quite challenging algebraically. One approach is to try graphing the function and observing where it intersects the x-axis (where y = 0).

Using a software or online graphing tool, plot the function y =-2sin(t) + 2cos(2t). By observing the graph, you can see the approximate values of t where y equals zero. These approximate values can be used as an initial guess for numerical methods to find the more precise values.

In this case, it appears that the critical points are located around t = 0.5236 and t = 1.5708.

Now, considering the endpoints of the interval [0, π/2], we need to evaluate the function at t = 0 and t = π/2.

For t = 0:

y(0) = 2cos(0) + sin(2 * 0) = 2(1) + sin(0) = 2 + 0 = 2

For t = π/2:

y(π/2) = 2cos(π/2) + sin(2 * π/2) = 2(0) + sin(π) = 0 + 0 = 0

Now, compare the values of the function at the critical points and endpoints:

- At t = 0, y = 2

- At t = 0.5236, an estimated critical point, y ≈ 1.44

- At t = π/2, y = 0

- At t = 1.5708, an estimated critical point, y ≈ -0.14

Therefore, the absolute maximum of the function y = 2cos(t) + sin(2t) on the interval [0, π/2] is 2, which occurs at t = 0 (endpoint). The absolute minimum is approximately -0.14, which occurs at t = 1.5708 (estimated critical point).